Top Pharmaceutical Companies in the World
Here is the list of top 10 world’s largest pharmaceutical companies.
Johnson & Johnson
Johnson & Johnson is a US based multinational company which manufactures medicinal devices, pharmaceuticals and consumer packaged goods. It was founded in 1886 by Robert wood Johnson I, James Wood Johnson and Edward Mead Johnson. The Company’s headquarters is located in New Brunswick, New Jersey. Johnson & Johnson is a leading name in many household items like Johnson & Johnson baby products, Neutrogena skin and beauty products, Band-Aid, Clean and clear facewashes, etc. The other drugs manufactured by it are Bapineuzumab, ceftobiprole, dacogen, procrit, rivaroxaban, topamax, etc.
Pfizer is the world’s largest research-based pharmaceutical company. Its research headquarters are located in Groton, Connecticut. Pfizer has developed many medicines and vaccines like Sutent, Zithromax, apixaban, Macugen, Lyrica, latreperdine, etc. in the areas of oncology, infections and infestations, cardiology, opthamalogy, neurology and psychiatry. Its top selling drug is Lipitor. The company was founded in 1849 in New York City by cousins Charles Pfizer and Charles Erhart.
GlaxoSmithKline plc is a multinational company based in the United Kingdom dealing in the fields of pharmaceutical, biologics, vaccines and consumer healthcare. GSK was formed by the merger of Glaxo Wellcome plc and SmithKline Beecham plc in 2000. It manufactures products for various diseases including mental health, diabetes, asthma, cancer, virus control, etc. GSK also manufactures nutritional products, drinks and other healthcare goods like Horlicks, sensodyne, Boost, etc. Its top selling drug is Advair and is used to treat asthema and chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder treatment.
Hoffmann-La Roche is a Swiss global healthcare company founded by Fritz Hoffmann-La Roche after whom the company is named, in 1896. Its headquarters is located in Basel, Switzerland. Other companies owned by Roche are Genentech, Chugai pharmaceuticals and Ventana. It was the first company to produce synthetic vitamin C at a large scale under the brand name of Redoxon. Its leading drug is Herceptin a medication for breast cancer. The various drugs produced by Roche include Accutane, Bactrium, Cellcept, Herceptin, Invirase, Tamiflu, Rohypnol, etc. It also manufactures a range of Diabetes management products under the brand name Accu-check.
Novartis International AG, a multinational pharmaceutical company is based in Basel, Switzerland. Novartis has been on the face of the pharmaceutical industry for about 250 years owing to its formation by merger of Swiss companies Ciba-Geigy and Sandoz Laboratories in 1996. Novartis produces a range of products including vaccines, contact lenses, over-the- counter drugs, veterinary medicines, etc. Novartis is a manufacturer of drugs including clozapine, diclofenac, carbamazepine, valsartan (Diovan) and Glivec.
Sanofi-Aventis, a French multinational pharmaceutical company. Its headquarters are located in Paris, France. It conducts research and development and manufactures pharmaceutical products sold primarily in the prescription market. Over-the-counter medicines are also developed by the company. Various drugs manufactured by the company include Aflibercept, Jevtana, Humenza vaccine, Iniparib and Otamixaban. Sanofi-Aventis was formed in 2004 by the merger of Aventis and Sanofi-Synthélabo and later in 2011 changed the name to Sanofi.
AstraZeneca plc founded on 6th April 1999, through the merger of the Sweden-based Astra AB and the UK-based Zeneca Group, is a Swedish-British multinational pharmaceutical and biologics company. It specializes in prescriptive medicines including Carbocaine, Naropin, Betaloc, Zestril, lexinor, Cubicin, Zomig, Tomudex, and a variety of other medicines in the areas of oncology, neuroscience, gastrointestinal, etc. The acid reflux medication called Nexium is its leading product at $5.2 billion. It is also the manufacturer of drugs for cholesterol treatment called Crestor and antipsychotic drug called Seroquel.
Merck & Co., Inc. is an American pharmaceutical company with its headquarters located in Whitehouse Station, New Jersey. Kenneth Frazier is the chairman, president and CEO of the company and it was founded in 1891 as a subsidiary of Merck KGaA. It came out as an independent company in 1917 after being confiscated by US Government during World War I. Merck is also the publisher of world’s largest selling medical textbook called the Merck Manual of diagnosis and therapy and a series of other medical reference books. The various drugs manufactured by it are Vioxx, Mectizan, Cordaptive, isentress, etc. The company is been sued for its drug called Propecia whose side effects include persistent sexual dysfunction, loss of libido, Peyronie’s disease, etc. of which the patients were not forewarned.
Abbott Laboratories is a US based global pharmaceuticals and health care products company employing about 90,000 employees. Its headquarters is located in Abbott Park, North Chicago, Illinois. It was founded by Dr. Wallace Calvin Abbott in 1888 and was then known as Abbott Alkaloidal Company. It produces many pharmaceutical products, medicinal devices,nutritional and animal healthcare products. Its leading drug is a blocker drug called Humira.
Eli Lilly is an American global pharmaceutical company. It was founded by Eli Lilly in 1876 and has its headquarters in Indianapolis, Indiana in the United States. The world owes Lilly for the first mass-production of Penicillin, Salk Polio vaccine and insulin and is the largest producer and distributor of psychiatric medications in the world. Other drugs produced by Lilly are namely Arzoxifine, Efient, Olanzapine, etc.